MAULDINGS in Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois
by Paul Kornmeyer

*This is Chapter 1 of a narrative essay.  Chapter 2 entitled “Ennis Maulding in Hamilton County, : appeared in the April 1971 Goshen Trails….Significance of  19 Jul 1835 is limited.  While it represents the earliest Virginia record of Mauldings, there is no evidence of kinship to later Maulding colonists.  By 1635, the flow of colonists had revived and was well established: Recovery proceeded early misfortunes.

William Maulding:  Robert Sheppard of Surry County, Virginia, brought to Virginia, a “headright” (servant) names William Mauldon* who obtained patent land 19 Jul 1635.  William preceded another Maulding to Virginia by little more than a year.

Francis Maulding:  25 Nov 1836, Francis Maulding patented land described as 400 acres on the north side of the Nanzamund River, southeast upon Dumplin Island and northwest into the woods—100 acres for the personal adventure of himself and wife, Katherine, and 300 acres for the transport of six persons.  Francis appears to have remained in the Nanzamund area until 1645 or later.  Records of immigration of a Maulding appear, 18 Oct 1664, in the record of a land patent to Curtis Laud (Land) who received a grant of 800 acres for transport of colonists including one surnamed Maulding, given name omitted.  The period intervening 1636 to 1717 is largely darkness.  However, 1 Apr 1717 own considerable importance.

Richard Maulding:  Importance of the land patent of 1 Apr 1717 obtains because it signifies the beginning of King William and adjacent-county records of the presumed ancestor of Ennis Maulding.  This initial patent is described as granted to John Sutton, Richard Maulding and Thomas Terry, 600 acres in King William County between the Mattapony River and the reed Southwest adjacent to Nicholas Dillard, Richard Turner, Christopher Smith, William Cockerham, Richard Yarbrough and Paul Pigg’s line: Three pounds, money.  Next followed patents to Richard Maulding, 22 April 1717, 400 acres; 13 Nov 1721, 200 acres; 9 Jul 1724, 350 acres; the latter two in St. John’s Parish and St. Margaret’s Parish respectively.  Maulding obtained numerous other grants until 1746.

In 1717 Richard Maulding apparently made his home in St. Margaret’s Parish and is named as the first trader of record therein, operating a trading post at Chesterfield when Caroline County was organized.  Governor William Gooch appointed Maulding a magistrate but removed him from the court in 1728 for criticizing the tobacco laws.  After removal from the bench, Maulding sold his business to his partner, Thomas Mallory and opened an establishment farther north in St. Margaret’s.  He, Maulding, remained in business there until about 17560 when he sold to Peter Copeland and left the county.

Part of St. Margaret’s Parish of King William County became St. Margaret’s Parish of Caroline County and, perhaps, thereby, Richard Maulding became a resident of Caroline County.  Governor Gooch appointed Maulding as King’s magistrate to set up Caroline County, which became operational 12 Mar 1727, being taken from Essex, King and Queen and King William Counties.  “Richard Maulding” appears frequently in the Caroline records and, later, in Spotsylvania and Orange County records.

However, the next important grant is a parcel of 287 acres in Caroline County, St. Margaret’s Parish, as indicated in the Val B. Campbell history of Ambrose Maulding.  Campbell describes the grant as made to Captain Richard Maulding, en emigrant from England, in the service of the King.  Thomas Elliott Campbell observes that the grant of 387 acres was for land adjacent to Richard Maulding’s estate.  Were Richard Maulding of King William County, Richard Maulding of Caroline County, Richard Maulding of Orange County and Richard Maulding of Spotsylvania County one and the same person?  Probably.  If so, he is the great-grandfather of Ennis Maulding.

James Maulding: There is confirmation enough, however, that James Maulding and Caty (Tyler) were the grandparents of Ennis Maulding.  Moreover the history of James Maulding and his family is substantially treated from about 1780 to 1797 when he died in Logan County, Kentucky.  Records of his brothers and/or sisters if any, are nil.  Deeds of sale in Spotsylvania County, Virginia disclose that Jane, wife of Richard Maulding, waived her dower and homestead rights.  Children of James and Cay (Tyler) Maulding were Ambrose, father of Ennis, Morton, Richard Tyler, Wesley “West” Dicy, Mourning, Mary and Sina.  In Kentucky politics, James and his sons were participants fro the time of their arrival

The Mauldings emigrated first to North Carolina, thence to Tennessee near the Kentucky border at Clarksville, Tennessee area and thence to the Logan County area of Kentucky, reaching Logan County  area about 1783.  Logan County was then part of Lincoln County, KY.  The Mauldings participated in the organization of Logan County in 1792 and remained active in political affairs until about 1808; James served as county judge, Ambrose as justice of the peace, Morton as a state legislator, and Wesley as sheriff.  Removal of Ambrose Maulding with his family to Christian County, KY in 1809 signals the decline of the Maulding influence in Logan County.  Ambrose was twice wed: The name of his first spouse was “Peggy,” whose surname is not disclosed.  She died, survived by her husband and six or seven children, among whom was Ennis, who was probably the eldest or nearly so.  As his second spouse Ambrose Maulding wed Mary Pendy (Purdy) on 19 Feb 1801 in Logan County, KY.  By his two spouses, Ambrose had 15 children, many of whom accompanied him to Illinois, where he settled permanently.  Although Ambrose’s brother, Richard, preceded the other Mauldings to Illinois, Union County in 1813, seems to have been the first stop for Ambrose and his group, including his sons, James with his family, Ennis with his family and son-in-law, John Anderson with his family.  Two years later all these groups were in White County, Illinois where Ambrose entered a patent for land on 11 Aug 1817.  Ennis entered land in the same township on 3 Apr 1819.

Ambrose Maulding.  Father of Ennis Maulding, Ambrose Maulding was born 1 Aug 1755 in Virginia and died in Hamilton County on 26 Aug 1833.  He was sixty years old before he reached White County, where, immediately, he became concerned in political doings as did his sons and other kin.  He was one of the early, if not the first, justices of the peace.  The sons and other kin held various county offices and state appointments from time to time.  Ennis, as shall be seen, advanced somewhat farther.  Other sons of Ambrose were Lee, John W., Richard, James, William, Alexander and Laban, of whom, all but Richard, Alexander and Laban, participated in local government.  Ennis was named executor of his father’s will.

After the death of Ambrose, his widow, with several of her young children, removed to Schuyler county, Illinois and disappears from the records in about 1835.

Summary:  American ancestral origins of Ennis Maulding apparently arise in King William County, Virginia although the name was extant elsewhere in Virginia from 1635.  William Maulding and Francis Maulding wit his wife, Katherine, preceded Richard Maulding in Virginia by nearly 85 years.  Richard Maulding, presumed forefather of Ennis Maulding, was involved in local affairs from the beginning of the records.  Probably James Maulding was a son of Richard Maulding as indicated by tradition and the V. B. Campbell account of the family.  Virginia records consulted fail to confirm the presumed early ancestral link.  James, with his family arrived in Kentucky about 1783, preceded by his sons, Ambrose and Morton.  As early settlers or pioneers, Ambrose and sons, removing to Illinois in 1813 and, later, settled in that part of White County which became Hamilton County, w4ere at once engaged in local political activity.  Parents of Ennis Maulding were Ambrose and Peggy Maulding.  Peggy, mother of Ennis, died before 1801.

 From: Goshen Trails, October, 1973
Reprinted by permission

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