Samuel S. Marshall

From: Encyclopedia of Illinois, by Bateman & Selby; pub. 1915, p. 353

          Samuel S. Marshall, lawyer and Congressman, was born in Gallatin County, Ill., in 1824; studied law and soon after located at McLeansboro.  In 1846 he was chosen a member of the lower house of the Fifteenth General Assembly, but resigned, early in the following year, to become State's Attorney, serving until 1848; was Judge of the Circuit Court from 1851 to 1854, and again from 1861 to 1865; was delegate from the State-at-large to the Charleston and Baltimore Conventions of 1860, and to the National Union Convention at Philadelphia in 1866.  In 1861 he received the complimentary vote of his party in the Legislature for United States Senator, and was similarly honored in the Fortieth Congress (1867) by receiving the Democratic support for Speaker of the House.  He was first elected to Congress in 1854, re-elected in 1856, and, later, served continuously from 1865 to 1875, when he returned to the practice of his profession.  Died, July 26, 1890. 

From: The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans, Vol III

       Samuel S. Marshall, representative, was born in Gallatin county, Ill., March 18, 1821; son of Daniel and Sophia (Walker) Marshall, natives of Ireland, who settled in Illinois early in the 19th century.  He attended Cumberland College, Ky., was admitted to the bar in 1845, and practiced in McLeansboro, Ill.  He was a representative in the Illinois legislature in 1847; state's attorney for the 3d judicial circuit of Illinois, 1847-49, and judge of the 7th judicial circuit, 1851054.  He was a Democratic representative from the ninth Illinois district in the 34th and 35th congresses, 1855-59.  His seat in the 34th congress was unsuccessfully contested under the clause in the state constitution, declaring all judges in the state ineligible to any other office, state or federal, during the term for which they were elected and for one year after.  He was judge of the 12th Illinois circuit 1861-64; and again represented his district in the 39th, 40th, 42nd and 43d congresses, serving 1865-75.  He was a delegate from the state at large to the Democratic national conventions of 1860 and 1864, and to the Loyalists' convention, Philadelphia, Pa., in 1866.  He received the entire Democratic vote of the joint assembly of the Illinois legislature for US senator in 1861, and the Democratic vote of the U. S. house of representatives for speaker of that body in 1867, and was president of the board of manager of Hamilton college, 1876-80.  He never married.  He died in Hamilton county, Ill. July 26, 1890.

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